Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Hopkins C, Browne J, Slack R, Brown P;
Clinical Otolaryngology
Variation in day-case nasal surgery - why cannot we improve our day-case rates?
Optional Fields
OBJECTIVES: The NHS plan states that 75% of all elective operations should be performed as day-cases. We set out to evaluate day surgery rates in sinonasal surgery and to identify factors limiting current practice. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective multicentre cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 3128 patients undergoing sinonasal surgery during 2000 and 2001. OUTCOME MEASURES: Same day discharge, complication and readmission rates. RESULTS: There is potential selection bias due to the non-random selection of NHS Trusts and patients in this study. However, as results are similar to Hospital Episode Statistics data such bias is probably small. Only 15.5% of all procedures are performed as day surgery. We are achieving day-case rates of 18, 20 and 6% for nasal polypectomy, intranasal antrostomy and extensive FESS respectively, compared with recently published targets of 90%, 80% and 50%. Factors significantly associated with overnight admission were use of packs, extensive surgery, excess post-operative bleeding and high ASA grade. There was considerable unexplained variation in day-case rates and the use of packs between different surgeons. A third of consultants pack all patients post-operatively. More than 51% of consultants admit all patients, while 5% discharge all patients on the day of surgery. There were no excess adverse events or readmissions amongst the day surgery patients. However, only 17% of in-patients would have liked to be discharged on the day of surgery. Both patient and surgeon must overcome resistance to day case surgery before targets can be reached. CONCLUSIONS: Strategies for improving day-case rates in sinonasal surgery. All ASA grade 1 and 2 patients could be considered for day-case surgery, but particularly those with less extensive disease on radiography, and those planned to undergo less extensive procedures. Excess peri-operative bleeding was reported in 6% of patients. There must therefore be provision for overnight admission if required. Greater utilisation of day-case units, selective use of packs, and earlier removal may increase the proportion of patients managed as day-cases. There remains considerable variation in practice at both consultant and trust levels. Units should continue to audit their own figures and compare them against national rates in order to reduce nationwide variation in practice.
Grant Details