Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Spina, Salvatore and Murrell, Jill R. and Yoshida, Hirotaka and Ghetti, Bernardino and Bermingham, Niamh and Sweeney, Brian and Dlouhy, Stephen R. and Crowther, R. Anthony and Goedert, Michel and Keohane, Catherine
Acta Neuropathologica
The novel Tau mutation G335S: clinical, neuropathological and molecular characterization
Optional Fields
Mutations in Tau cause the inherited neurodegenerative disease, frontotemporal dementia and Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 (FTDP-17). Known coding region mutations cluster in the microtubule-binding region, where they alter the ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly. Depending on the tau isoforms, this region consists of three or four imperfect repeats of 31 or 32 amino acids, each of which contains a characteristic and invariant PGGG motif. Here, we report the novel G335S mutation, which changes the PGGG motif of the third tau repeat to PGGS, in an individual who developed social withdrawal, emotional bluntness and stereotypic behavior at age 22, followed by disinhibition, hyperorality and ideomotor apraxia. Abundant tau-positive inclusions were present in neurons and glia in the frontotemporal cortex, hippocampus and brainstem. Sarkosyl-insoluble tau showed paired helical and straight filaments, as well as more irregular rope-like filaments. The pattern of pathological tau bands was like that of Alzheimer disease. Experimentally, the G335S mutation resulted in a greatly reduced ability of tau to promote microtubule assembly, while having no significant effect on heparin-induced assembly of recombinant tau into filaments.
Grant Details