Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lˇpez Correa, M., Montagna, P., Joseph, N., RŘggeberg, A., Fietzke, J., Fl÷gel, S., Dorschel, B., Goldstein, S.L., Wheeler, A., Freiwald, A.
2012
Unknown
Quaternary Science Reviews
Preboreal onset of cold-water coral growth beyond the Arctic Circle revealed by coupled radiocarbon and U-series dating and neodymium isotopes
Published
()
Optional Fields
Neodymium isotopes, Reservoir ages, biogeography, rapid climate change, Younger Dryas, deglacial, water mass mixing
34
24
43

Cold-water coral mounds of Lophelia pertusa are widespread across the Scandinavian shelf, which was completely ice-covered during the last glacial maximum between 22 to 18 ka BP. Rapid deglacial meltdown of the Fennoscandian inland ice and the retreat of its ice-streams freed most of the shelf of ice by ~15 ka BP. However, cold-water coral growth commenced only after the Pleistocene-Holocene transition at 11.65 ka BP, when modern-like climatic patterns and oceanographic conditions were established. A tight climatic coupling has been constrained with U-series ages. Coupled 14C ages provide local reservoir ages from various gravity cores in a fjord-setting in Stjernsund at 70░N and on the open shelf in TrŠnadjupet at 66░N. Reinvestigation of earlier 14C coral chronologies suggests that coral ecosystems widely established themselves across the entire 3000 km long Scandinavian shelf prior to ~10 ka BP. The earliest occurrence of Madrepora oculata at ~2.4 ka BP suggests a late Holocene colonization of the Norwegian shelf, which is linked to a prominent mound growth hiatus in TrŠnadjupet (64░N). Mound growth rates near the northern biogeographic boundary of up to ~614 cm ka-1cm ka-1 during certain growth periods are much higher than the previously reported fastest rates of ~220 cm ka-1 from the Irish margin. Contemporaneous rapid fjordbasin sedimentation is slower with ~63 cm ka-1. Matrix 14C ages overlap with coral 14C ages from the same horizon. This indicates rapid framework construction and efficient trapping of background sediment. Hiatuses are frequent in on-mound sediments and only short periods of coral growth are recorded. Coupled Δ14C and εNd values indicate a persistent Holocene inflow of the North Atlantic Current in Stjernsund, but also deglacial meltwater mixing during the early Holocene prior to ~9.5 ka BP. Reservoir ages are overall close to the surface marine reservoir age, but ΔR is highly localized.

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