Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Gameiro A, Reimann F, Habib AM, O'Malley D, Williams L, Simpson AK, Gribble FM
2005
December
The Journal of Physiology
The neurotransmitters glycine and GABA stimulate glucagon-like peptide-1 release from the GLUTag cell line.
Validated
Optional Fields
569
Pt 3
761
772
The incretin hormone, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is released from intestinal L-cells following food ingestion. Its secretion is triggered by a range of nutrients, including fats, carbohydrates and proteins. We reported previously that Na(+)-dependent glutamine uptake triggered electrical activity and GLP-1 release from the L-cell model line GLUTag. However, whereas alanine also triggered membrane depolarization and GLP-1 secretion, the response was Na+ independent. A range of alanine analogues, including d-alanine, beta-alanine, glycine and l-serine, but not d-serine, triggered similar depolarizing currents and elevation of intracellular [Ca2+], a sensitivity profile suggesting the involvement of glycine receptors. In support of this idea, glycine-induced currents and GLP-1 release were blocked by strychnine, and currents showed a 58.5 mV shift in reversal potential per 10-fold change in [Cl-], consistent with the activation of a Cl(-)-selective current. GABA, an agonist of related Cl- channels, also triggered Cl- currents and secretion, which were sensitive to picrotoxin. GABA-triggered [Ca2+]i increments were abolished by bicuculline and partially impaired by (1,2,5,6-tetrahydropyridine-4-yl)methylphosphinic acid (TPMPA), suggesting the involvement of both GABA(A) and GABA(C) receptors. Expression of GABA(A), GABA(C) and glycine receptor subunits was confirmed by RT-PCR. Glycine-triggered GLP-1 secretion was impaired by bumetanide but not bendrofluazide, suggesting that a high intracellular [Cl-] maintained by Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporters is necessary for the depolarizing response to glycine receptor ligands. Our results suggest that GABA and glycine stimulate electrical activity and GLP-1 release from GLUTag cells by ligand-gated ion channel activation, a mechanism that might be important in responses to endogenous ligands from the enteric nervous system or dietary sources.
10.1113/jphysiol.2005.098962
Grant Details