Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Linehan D, Etienne J, Sheehan D;
Fems Immunology and Medical Microbiology
Relationship between haemolytic and sphingomyelinase activities in a partially purified beta-like toxin from Staphylococcus schleiferi.
Optional Fields
beta-Toxins of staphylococcal species possess dual activity in that they can both lyse erythrocytes (by 'hot-cold' lysis) and catalyse hydrolysis of membrane-associated sphingomyelin. However, the precise relationship between these two activities has not been extensively studied. We have partially purified a beta-like toxin from culture supernatants of Staphylococcus schleiferi N860375 which exhibits both 'hot-cold' lysis of erythrocytes and neutral sphingomyelinase activities. This toxin has a strong preference for sheep erythrocytes, the membranes of which are rich in sphingomyelin. Kinetic analysis suggests that haemolysis and sphingomyelinase activities are very closely associated obeying identical Michaelis-Menten kinetics. However, pre-treatment with antibodies to Staphylococcus aureus beta-toxin, Ca(2+), dithiothreitol and phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride appear to inhibit sphingomyelinase activity significantly more strongly than haemolysis while Mg(2+) activates sphingomyelinase activity more strongly than haemolysis. We attribute these effects to differences in binding properties in the two assays. Micropurification by both sphingosylphosphocholine-agarose affinity chromatography and preparative electrophoresis revealed that the 34-kDa toxin associates non-covalently with individual proteins.
Grant Details