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Walsh, P. T.,Smith, L. M.,O'Connor, R.;
Insulin-like growth factor-1 activates Akt and Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) in promoting the survival of T lymphocytes
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Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) expression is augmented on T cells upon ligation of CD28, and this promotes IGF-1-mediated protection from Fas-induced cell death for up to 6 days. To determine the mechanism of action of IGF-1R in T- cell expansion, we investigated the signalling pathways activated by IGF-1 in T cells and in Jurkat cells. We found that IGF-1 transiently induces Akt, jun N-terminal kinases (INK), and c-Jun phosphorylation in activated T cells, with JNK and c-Jun phosphorylation occurring faster than Akt phosphorylation. To mimic IGF-1R expression levels in CD28- stimulated Jurkat cells these cells were stably transfected to over-express the IGF-1R. Jurkat/IGF-1R cells exhibited enhanced constitutive Akt phosphorylation compared with mock-transfected controls, but IGF-1 induced transient phosphorylation of MKK4, JNKs, and c-jun. Inhibition of PI-3 kinase activity and Akt phosphorylation with LY294002 totally suppressed IGF-1-mediated protection from Fas killing in activated T cells, but only partially suppressed IGF-1-mediated protection in Jurkat/IGF-1R cells. However, either dicumarol in T cells or a dominant negative JNK1 (APF) in Jurkat/IGF-1R cells greatly suppressed IGF-1-mediated protection from Fas killing. Together, these data demonstrate that IGF-1-mediated activation of JNKs and PI- 3 kinase contributes to normal T-cell survival, whereas the JNK pathway may be more important in Jurkat leukaemia cells.
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