Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
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Nazneen, F,Galvin, P,Arrigan, DWM,Thompson, M,Benvenuto, P,Herzog, G
2012
January
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Electropolishing of medical-grade stainless steel in preparation for surface nano-texturing
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Medical-grade stainless steel (316 L) Electropolishing Anodic dissolution Surface analysis ELECTROCHEMICAL POLISHING BEHAVIOR IN-STENT RESTENOSIS PHOSPHORIC-ACID SULFURIC-ACID TRANSPASSIVE DISSOLUTION CARDIOVASCULAR STENTS IONIC LIQUID MIXED ACIDS AISI 316L ELECTROLYTES
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1389
1397
The purpose of this work is to investigate the electropolishing of medical-grade 316 L stainless steel to obtain a clean, smooth, and defect-free surface in preparation for surface nano-texturing. Electropolishing of steel was conducted under stationary conditions in four electrolyte mixtures: (A) 4.5 M H2SO4 + 11 M H3PO4, (B) 7.2 M H2SO4 + 6.5 M H3PO4, (C) 6.4 M glycerol + 6.1 M H3PO4, and (D) 6.1 M H3PO4. The influence of electrolyte composition and concentration, temperature, and electropolishing time, in conjunction with linear sweep voltammetry and chronoamperometry, on the stainless steel surface was studied. The resulting surfaces of unpolished and optimally polished stainless steel were characterized in terms of contamination, defects, topography, roughness, hydrophilicity, and chemical composition by optical and atomic force microscopies, contact angle goniometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was found that the optimally polished surfaces were obtained with the following parameters: electrolyte mixture A at 2.1 V of applied potential at 80 A degrees C for 10 min. This corresponded to the diffusion-limited dissolution of the surface. The root mean square surface roughness of the electropolished surface achieved was 0.4 nm over 2 x 2 mu m(2). Surface analysis showed that electropolishing led to ultraclean surfaces with reduced roughness and contamination thickness and with Cr, P, S, Mo, Ni, and O enrichment compared to untreated surfaces.
DOI 10.1007/s10008-011-1539-9
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