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Cronin, M.,Stanton, M.,Francis, K. P.,Tangney, M.
2012
Bacterial Vectors for Imaging and Cancer Gene Therapy: A Review
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The significant burden of resistance to conventional anticancer treatments in patients with advanced disease has prompted the need to explore alternative therapeutic strategies. The challenge for oncology researchers is to identify a therapy which is selective for tumours with limited toxicity to normal tissue. Engineered bacteria have the unique potential to overcome traditional therapies’ limitations by specifically targeting tumours. It has been shown that bacteria are naturally capable of homing to tumours when systemically administered resulting in high levels of replication locally, either external to (non-invasive species) or within tumour cells (pathogens). Pre-clinical and clinical investigations involving bacterial vectors require relevant means of monitoring vector trafficking and levels over time, and development of bacterial-specific real-time imaging modalities are key for successful development of clinical bacterial gene delivery. This review discusses the currently available imaging technologies and the progress to date exploiting these for monitoring of bacterial gene delivery in vivo.The significant burden of resistance to conventional anticancer treatments in patients with advanced disease has prompted the need to explore alternative therapeutic strategies. The challenge for oncology researchers is to identify a therapy which is selective for tumours with limited toxicity to normal tissue. Engineered bacteria have the unique potential to overcome traditional therapies’ limitations by specifically targeting tumours. It has been shown that bacteria are naturally capable of homing to tumours when systemically administered resulting in high levels of replication locally, either external to (non-invasive species) or within tumour cells (pathogens). Pre-clinical and clinical investigations involving bacterial vectors require relevant means of monitoring vector trafficking and levels over time, and development of bacterial-specific real-time imaging modalities are key for successful development of clinical bacterial gene delivery. This review discusses the currently available imaging technologies and the progress to date exploiting these for monitoring of bacterial gene delivery in vivo.
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