To date, limited reports are available on the regulatory systems exerting control over bacterial synthesis of the biodegradable polyester group known as polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs). In this study, we performed random mini-Tn5 mutagenesis of the Pseudomonas putida CA-3 genome and screened transconjugants on nitrogen-limited medium for reduced PHA accumulation phenotypes. Disruption of a GacS sensor kinase in one such mutant was found to eliminate medium-chain-length PHA production in Pseudomonas putida CA-3. Recombinant expression of wild-type gacS from a pBBRgacS vector fully restored PHA accumulation capacity in the mutant strain. PCR-based screening of the P. putida CA-3 genome identified gene homologues of the GacS/GacA-rsm small RNA (sRNA) regulatory cascade with 96% similarity to published P. putida genomes. However, reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) analyses revealed active transcription of the rsmY and rsmZ sRNAs in gacS-disrupted P. putida CA-3, which is atypical of the commonly reported Gac/Rsm regulatory cascade. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analyses of the phaC1 synthase responsible for polymer formation in P. putida CA-3 indicated no statistically significant difference in transcript levels between the wild-type and gacS-disrupted strains. Subsequently, SDS-PAGE protein analyses of these strains identified posttranscriptional control of phaC1 synthase as a key aspect in the regulation of PHA synthesis by P. putida CA-3.