Aims: This study examined the efficacy of 2
novel interventions on psychological and physical well-being over time. The beneficial effects of brief, home-based
gratitude and mindfulness interventions on general wellbeing have been examined
previously, however a longitudinal analytical approach is rarely utilised. This study examines the efficacy over time of
two novel interventions.
Methods: Sixty-two participants were randomised to
a one of 2 gratitude interventions, one of 2 mindfulness interventions or a
wait-list condition. Interventions were completed 4 times a week for 3 weeks.
Participants completed self-report measures of gratitude, mindfulness and
well-being at baseline, at 3 weeks and at 1 month.
Results: The strongest effects were observed for
positive aspects of well-being. Order effects within interventions were
evident; completing listening exercises or writing exercises demonstrated
differing effects across variables across time. Baseline life satisfaction and
the order of activities within interventions influenced participant adherence
Conclusions: These findings indicate the order in which
intervention components are administered can influence participant outcomes and
retention. The findings indicate that order effects and baseline well-being
levels can influence likelihood of participant attrition. The efficacy of
interventions will be discussed with reference to current models of positive
wellbeing, ceiling effects and with particular attention to the importance of a
longitudinal approach to wellbeing interventions.