Aims: This study examined the effect of 2 novel
interventions on gratitude, mindfulness and well-being. Previous research has
demonstrated that established interventions can increase gratitude, mindfulness
and well-being levels. To date these constructs have only been examined
Methods: Participants were randomised to a
gratitude intervention, a mindfulness intervention or a wait-list condition.
Interventions were completed 4 times a week for 3 weeks. Participants completed
wellbeing measures at baseline, at 3 weeks and at 1 month. Measures included
the Gratitude Scale (GQ-6) and the Mindfulness Scale (MAAS) and other measures
Results: Similar patterns of change over time in
mindfulness were evident in both the gratitude and mindfulness interventions
Different patterns of change in gratitude levels were observed between the
conditions. Changes in levels of outcome variables were in the expected
directions for both intervention conditions; however the slope and pattern of
change differed between groups.
Conclusions: These findings indicate that short
interventions can enhance mindfulness, gratitude and well-being. The effect of
the gratitude intervention on mindfulness levels suggests a shared mechanism or
pathway, which is not demonstrated for effects on gratitude levels. These
patterns and differences in outcome variables have practical implications when
administering gratitude and mindfulness interventions.