Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Ryan, P.,McCarthy, S.,Kelly, J.,Collins, J. K.,Dunne, C.,Grogan, L.,Breathnach, O.,Shanahan, F.,Carey, P. D.,Walsh, T. N.,O'Sullivan, G. C.
2004
March
Journal of Surgical Research
Prevalence of bone marrow micrometastases in esophagogastric cancer patients with and without neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy
Validated
()
Optional Fields
117
1
121
126
Background. Bone marrow micrometastases are present in a high proportion of patients undergoing curative resection for esophagogastric cancer. The incorporation of preoperative systemic therapies into these patients' treatment is widely practiced. This study investigates the effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on the incidence of micrometastases and the viability of detected tumor cells. Materials and methods. Rib bone marrow was obtained from patients (n = 106) in three centers, who were selected for potentially curative resection. Patients received neoadjuvant CRT plus surgery (n = 55), or surgery alone (n = 51). To detect micrometastases, mononuclear cells were isolated from fresh marrow and immediately stained immunohistochemically with an anti-cytokeratin-18 antibody using the APAAP technique. Tumor cell viability was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of marrow cell cultures for cytokeratin-positive cells. Results. Micrometastases were detected in fresh marrow in 42% (23/55) of patients who received neoadjuvant CRT plus surgery, and in 67% (34/51) of patients treated with surgery alone. Viable tumor cells were demonstrated in 10 of 18 marrow cultures from CRT plus surgery cases. In this patient subset, combination of results of staining fresh and cultured marrow significantly increased micromet detection to 78%. Conclusions. A significant proportion of patients with esophagogastric cancer have disseminated viable tumor cells at time of surgery, irrespective of pre-operative treatment. The use of marrow culture in parallel with fresh marrow staining may increase the detection of micrometastases. The persistence of tumor cells resistant to systemic therapy may explain why these regimens fail in a majority of patients. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.Background. Bone marrow micrometastases are present in a high proportion of patients undergoing curative resection for esophagogastric cancer. The incorporation of preoperative systemic therapies into these patients' treatment is widely practiced. This study investigates the effect of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) on the incidence of micrometastases and the viability of detected tumor cells. Materials and methods. Rib bone marrow was obtained from patients (n = 106) in three centers, who were selected for potentially curative resection. Patients received neoadjuvant CRT plus surgery (n = 55), or surgery alone (n = 51). To detect micrometastases, mononuclear cells were isolated from fresh marrow and immediately stained immunohistochemically with an anti-cytokeratin-18 antibody using the APAAP technique. Tumor cell viability was assessed by immunohistochemical staining of marrow cell cultures for cytokeratin-positive cells. Results. Micrometastases were detected in fresh marrow in 42% (23/55) of patients who received neoadjuvant CRT plus surgery, and in 67% (34/51) of patients treated with surgery alone. Viable tumor cells were demonstrated in 10 of 18 marrow cultures from CRT plus surgery cases. In this patient subset, combination of results of staining fresh and cultured marrow significantly increased micromet detection to 78%. Conclusions. A significant proportion of patients with esophagogastric cancer have disseminated viable tumor cells at time of surgery, irrespective of pre-operative treatment. The use of marrow culture in parallel with fresh marrow staining may increase the detection of micrometastases. The persistence of tumor cells resistant to systemic therapy may explain why these regimens fail in a majority of patients. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
0022-48040022-4804
://WOS:000220182100016://WOS:000220182100016
Grant Details