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Morrissey, D.,O'Connell, J.,Lynch, D.,O'Sullivan, G. C.,Shanahan, F.,Collins, J. K.
1999
February
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
Invasion by esophageal cancer cells: functional contribution of the urokinase plasminogen activation system, and inhibition by antisense oligonucleotides to urokinase or urokinase receptor
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85
Early metastasis contributes to the very poor prognosis of esophageal carcinoma. The recent immunohistochemical finding that invasive esophageal carcinomas express elevated levels of urokinase (uPA) and urokinase receptor (uPA-R) in vivo suggest that the plasminogen activation system may contribute to metastasis in esophageal cancer. The aim of our study was to functionally investigate, at the molecular level, the relative contribution of uPA and uPA-R to the invasiveness of esophageal cancer cells in vitro. The three esophageal cancer cell lines, OC1-3, generated in our laboratory, were analyzed for uPA and uPA-R expression by RT-PCR, immunoenzymatic staining, and quantitative ELISA. Invasiveness of all cell lines was quantified as percentage cellular invasiveness in a standardized Matrigel in vitro assay. OC1 and OC3, which were found to coexpress both uPA and uPA-R, displayed stronger invasiveness (44% and 32.5% respectively) relative to OC2 (19%) which expressed uPA-R but was negative for uPA. Transfection of OC2 cells with the uPA cDNA resulted in two variants, OC2. uPA1 and OC2. uPA2, stably expressing functional uPA. Both transfectants exhibited enhanced invasiveness (60% and 50% respectively) relative to the parent uPA-negative OC2 cells (19%). Antisense oligonucleotide inhibition of either uPA or uPA-R expression resulted in a similar, marked reduction in invasiveness of esophageal tumor cells which normally coexpress both molecules (OC1, OC3 and the uPA-expressing OC2-transfectant clones). Neither antisense treatment altered the basal invasiveness of OC2, which expresses uPA-R but not uPA. In conclusion, coexpression of uPA with its receptor, uPA-R, is required for functional involvement of the urokinase system in invasion by esophageal carcinoma cells. Our results suggest that these synergistic mediators of invasiveness are quantitatively major contributors to the invasiveness of esophageal carcinoma.Early metastasis contributes to the very poor prognosis of esophageal carcinoma. The recent immunohistochemical finding that invasive esophageal carcinomas express elevated levels of urokinase (uPA) and urokinase receptor (uPA-R) in vivo suggest that the plasminogen activation system may contribute to metastasis in esophageal cancer. The aim of our study was to functionally investigate, at the molecular level, the relative contribution of uPA and uPA-R to the invasiveness of esophageal cancer cells in vitro. The three esophageal cancer cell lines, OC1-3, generated in our laboratory, were analyzed for uPA and uPA-R expression by RT-PCR, immunoenzymatic staining, and quantitative ELISA. Invasiveness of all cell lines was quantified as percentage cellular invasiveness in a standardized Matrigel in vitro assay. OC1 and OC3, which were found to coexpress both uPA and uPA-R, displayed stronger invasiveness (44% and 32.5% respectively) relative to OC2 (19%) which expressed uPA-R but was negative for uPA. Transfection of OC2 cells with the uPA cDNA resulted in two variants, OC2. uPA1 and OC2. uPA2, stably expressing functional uPA. Both transfectants exhibited enhanced invasiveness (60% and 50% respectively) relative to the parent uPA-negative OC2 cells (19%). Antisense oligonucleotide inhibition of either uPA or uPA-R expression resulted in a similar, marked reduction in invasiveness of esophageal tumor cells which normally coexpress both molecules (OC1, OC3 and the uPA-expressing OC2-transfectant clones). Neither antisense treatment altered the basal invasiveness of OC2, which expresses uPA-R but not uPA. In conclusion, coexpression of uPA with its receptor, uPA-R, is required for functional involvement of the urokinase system in invasion by esophageal carcinoma cells. Our results suggest that these synergistic mediators of invasiveness are quantitatively major contributors to the invasiveness of esophageal carcinoma.
0262-08980262-0898
://WOS:000080723300011://WOS:000080723300011
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