Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Justice, JP,Lambkin, P,Meister, M,Winfield, R,Corbett, B
IEEE Photonics Technology Letters
Monolithic integration of wavelength-scale diffractive structures on red vertical-cavity lasers by focused ion beam etching
WOS: 5 ()
Optional Fields
diffractive optical element focused ion beam (FIB) polarization independent red vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) SURFACE-EMITTING LASERS RELIEF
We report the fabrication and characterization of wavelength-scale diffractive optical elements etched directly on the surface of red (660 nm) vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. The structures were fabricated by focused ion beam etching. Linear and two-dimensional (2-D) grating configurations were investigated. Each showed excellent suppression of the zeroth-order diffracted beam. Compared to the power from an unetched laser, similar to22% of the emission was coupled into the first order for linear gratings and 12% for the 2-D structures. Polarization was independent of grating orientation for grating pitches as small as 1lambda. Threshold current increases of 35%-40% were measured.
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