Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Ruane-O'Hora, T,Shortt, CM,Edge, D,Markos, F,Noble, MIM
2013
December
Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Intraluminal hyperglycaemia causes conduit and resistance artery dilatation and inhibits vascular autoregulation in the anaesthetised pig
Validated
Optional Fields
vascular smooth muscle conduit resistance hyperglycaemia autoregulation PRESSURE-FLOW RELATIONSHIPS MUSCLE BLOOD-FLOW SKELETAL-MUSCLE ELEVATED GLUCOSE EDHF ARTERIOLES VASODILATATION IMPAIRMENT PERIPHERY SHEAR
91
1031
1036
The effect of intraluminal hyperglycaemia was investigated in the iliac artery of 11 anaesthetised pigs. Following isolation of a test segment, hyperglycaemic blood (40 mmol.L-1) caused a significant dilatation of the artery of 167 +/- 208 mu m (mean +/- SD; n = 6, P = 0.031). Dilatations were reduced by N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl esther (250 mu g.mL(-1)) from 145 +/- 199 to 38 +/- 5 mu m), but this was not statistically significant (n = 6, P = 0.18). Intra-arterial infusions of D-glucose (20-40 mmol.L-1.min(-1)), during graded constrictions, caused statistically significant increases in blood flow (n = 11, P = 0.0013). Vasodilatation was confirmed by measurements of the ratio of immediate pressure steps to flow steps (partial derivative P/partial derivative F) during the graded obstruction experiments, showing a decrease in instantaneous vascular resistance from a control of 0.62 +/- 0.30 to 0.33 +/- 0.34 mm Hg.mL(-1).min(-1) (n = 7, P = 0.016). Autoregulation was assessed from the slopes of the plots of steady-state flow versus pressure. There were significant increases in the slope from 2.32 +/- 1.03 to 5.88 +/- 5.60 mL.min(-1).(mmHg)(-1) (n = 7, P = 0.0078), indicating significant impairment of autoregulation. In conclusion, luminal hyperglycaemia relaxes both arterial and resistance vessel smooth muscle.
10.1139/cjpp-2013-0206
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