Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Pretty, IA,Tavener, JA,Browne, D,Brettle, DS,Whelton, H,Ellwood, RP
Caries Research
Quantification of dental fluorosis using fluorescence imaging
WOS: 17 ()
Optional Fields
enamel fluorescence fluorosis, quantification quantitative laser fluorescence RISK-FACTORS PREVALENCE ENAMEL STAINS INDEX
Fluorescence imaging hardware and software have been recently employed to assess demineralization due to early dental caries. Dental fluorosis also presents as diffuse surface hypomineralization of enamel and in principle similar measurement methods might be applicable to both. The caries analysis system requires the user to select an area of sound enamel around the lesion so that the affected surface can be reconstructed and the lesion subtracted. Whereas early caries presents as discrete isolated lesions fluorosis is characterized by diffuse opacities covering most of the tooth. Consequently it is difficult to use commercial QLF software for the assessment of fluorosis, as there is typically no sound area of enamel to use for reconstruction. This study describes a fluorescent imaging device capable of recording digital images of the anterior teeth and also software that is able to objectively measure fluorosis area and severity. A convenience sample of 26 subjects with a range of fluorosis from TF scores 0-3 took part in the study. The upper left central incisor of these subjects was scored for fluorosis using the TF index, photographed using a conventional digital camera and imaged using the fluorescence imaging device. The TF index was then used to visually score the digital photographs and the fluorescence images. The data from the fluorescence method demonstrated a strong correlation with TF scores from fluorescence images (Kendall's tau = 0.862). The fluorescence imaging method shows promise as an objective, potentially blinded system for the longitudinal assessment of enamel fluorosis in vivo. Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Grant Details