Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Coffey, A,Ryan, M,Ross, RP,Hill, C,Arendt, E,Schwarz, G
International Journal of Food Microbiology
Use of a broad-host-range bacteriocin-producing Lactococcus lactis transconjugant as an alternative starter for salami manufacture
Optional Fields
bacteriocin lacticin salami cheese starter ACID BACTERIA CULTURES
Lactococcus lactis DPC4268 is widely used for Cheddar cheese manufacture in Ireland where it is recognised for its reliable fast acid producing ability in dairy environments. A transconjugant of this strain, L. lactis DPC4275, was generated which produces the broad spectrum, two-component bacteriocin lacticin 3147, which is inhibitory to a variety of undesirable Gram-positive bacteria including Clostridium, Bacillus, Enterococcus, Listeria, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. Both DPC4268 and DPC4275 were used as single strain starters for manufacture of salamis. These products were compared with a salami manufactured with a conventional starter (Lactobacillus sake and Staphylococcus carnosus) in terms of pH development, a(w)-value, weight loss, colour development and sensory characteristics. Salamis produced with either lactococcal culture exhibited pH values below 5.1 and a(w)-values below 0.90 which is favourable for preservation and hygienic stability. In addition, these salamis had good sensory and colorimetric qualities. A minimum lacticin 3147 concentration of 640 AU/g was detected in the salamis which were produced with L. lactis DPC4275. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Grant Details