Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Walsh, LA,Hughes, G,Lin, J,Hurley, PK,O'Regan, TP,Cockayne, E,Woicik, JC
2013
July
Physical Review B
Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrical characterization study of the surface potential in metal/Al2O3/GaAs(100) metal-oxide-semiconductor structures
Validated
WOS: 9 ()
Optional Fields
SYNCHROTRON-RADIATION ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES INTERFACES PHOTOEMISSION GAAS PHOTOVOLTAGE CS/GAAS(110)
88
Hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (HAXPES) has been used to study metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) structures fabricated with both high (Ni) and low (Al) work-function metals on 8-nm thick Al2O3 dielectric layers, deposited on sulfur passivated n- and p-doped GaAs substrates. A binding energy difference of 0.6 eV was measured between the GaAs core levels of the n- and p-doped substrates in the absence of gate metals, indicating different Fermi level positions in the band gap. Subsequent photoemission measurements made on the MOS structures with the different work-function metals displayed very limited change in the GaAs core level binding energies, indicating that the movement of the Fermi level at the Al2O3/GaAs interface is restricted. Using a combination of HAXPES measurements and theoretical calculations, the Fermi level positions in the band gap have been determined to be in the range of 0.4-0.75 eV and 0.8-1.11 eV above the valence band maximum for p- and n-type GaAs, respectively. Analysis of capacitance voltage (C-V) measurements on identically prepared samples yield very similar Fermi level positions at zero applied gate bias. The C-V analysis also indicates a higher interface defect density (D-it) in the upper half of the GaAs bandgap.
10.1103/PhysRevB.88.045322
Grant Details