Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with diameters ranging between 15 and 150 nm have been synthesised in water. 15 and 30 nm Au NPs were obtained by the Turkevich and Frens method using sodium citrate as both a reducing and stabilising agent at high temperature (Au NPs-citrate), while 60, 90 and 150 nm Au NPs were formed using hydroxylamine-o-sulfonic acid (HOS) as a reducing agent for HAuCl4 at room temperature. This new method using HOS is an extension of the approaches previously reported for producing Au NPs with mean diameters above 40 nm by direct reduction. Functionalised polyethylene glycol-based thiol polymers were used to stabilise the pre-synthesised Au NPs. The nanoparticles obtained were characterised using uv-visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Further bioconjugation on 15, 30 and 90 nm PEGylated Au NPs were performed by grafting Bovine Serum Albumin, Transferrin and Apolipoprotein E (ApoE).