Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Urbaniak, C,Cummins, J,Brackstone, M,Macklaim, JM,Gloor, GB,Baban, CK,Scott, L,O'Hanlon, DM,Burton, JP,Francis, KP,Tangney, M,Reid, G
2014
May
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Microbiota of Human Breast Tissue
Validated
Optional Fields
GUT MICROBIOTA BACTERIAL COMMUNITIES ORAL MICROBIOME DIVERSITY INDIVIDUALS RESPONSES DATABASE SEARCH WOMEN TIME
80
3007
3014
In recent years, a greater appreciation for the microbes inhabiting human body sites has emerged. In the female mammary gland, milk has been shown to contain bacterial species, ostensibly reaching the ducts from the skin. We decided to investigate whether there is a microbiome within the mammary tissue. Using 16S rRNA sequencing and culture, we analyzed breast tissue from 81 women with and without cancer in Canada and Ireland. A diverse population of bacteria was detected within tissue collected from sites all around the breast in women aged 18 to 90, not all of whom had a history of lactation. The principal phylum was Proteobacteria. The most abundant taxa in the Canadian samples were Bacillus (11.4%), Acinetobacter (10.0%), Enterobacteriaceae (8.3%), Pseudomonas (6.5%), Staphylococcus (6.5%), Propionibacterium (5.8%), Comamonadaceae (5.7%), Gammaproteobacteria (5.0%), and Prevotella (5.0%). In the Irish samples the most abundant taxa were Enterobacteriaceae (30.8%), Staphylococcus (12.7%), Listeria welshimeri (12.1%), Propionibacterium (10.1%), and Pseudomonas (5.3%). None of the subjects had signs or symptoms of infection, but the presence of viable bacteria was confirmed in some samples by culture. The extent to which these organisms play a role in health or disease remains to be determined.
10.1128/AEM.00242-14
Grant Details