Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Landers, M,McCarthy, G,Livingstone, V,Savage, E
2014
August
Journal of Clinical Nursing
Patients' bowel symptom experiences and self-care strategies following sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer
Validated
Optional Fields
bowel symptoms colo-rectal cancer self-care strategies sphincter-saving surgery Symptom Management Theory QUALITY-OF-LIFE COLORECTAL-CANCER PERCEPTION QUESTIONNAIRE ANTERIOR RESECTION MANAGEMENT SURVIVORS ILLNESS NEEDS
23
15-16
2343
2354
Aims and objectives. To investigate patients' bowel symptom experiences and self-care strategies following sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer and the relationship between bowel symptom experiences and the self-care strategies used.Background. Earlier diagnosis of rectal cancer allows for less invasive surgical treatments such as sphincter-saving procedures to be performed. Although a permanent stoma is generally not required, patients experience changes in bowel function following this surgery. However, limited research exists on patients' bowel symptom experiences and the self-care strategies used to manage symptoms following sphincter-saving surgery of rectal cancer.Design. Quantitative descriptive correlational.Methods. A convenience sample of 143 patients aged 30 to over 70 years was used. Data were collected (April 2010-December 2010) using the Illness Perception Questionnaires, the Difficulties of Life Scale and a researcher developed Self-care Strategy Measure. The research was underpinned by the Symptom Management Theory.Findings. Relating to the four most effective self-care strategies used respondents reporting more bowel symptom were more likely to use the self-care strategy proximity/knowing the location of a toilet at all times. Females, respondents with high timeline cyclical scores and respondents with high physiological responses scores were more likely to use protective clothing. Respondents reporting more bowel symptom and with high social responses scores were more likely to use bowel medication. Females were more likely to wear incontinence pads.Conclusion. This research provides insights into the daily bowel symptom experiences of patients following sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer. It demonstrates the range of self-care strategies that individuals use to manage their bowel symptoms and the self-care-strategies that were most effective for them.Relevance to clinical practice. Patients should be encouraged to report on-going bowel problems following sphincter-saving surgery for rectal cancer. Supportive care for patients should be comprehensive and tailored to meet individual needs.
10.1111/jocn.12516
Grant Details
Health Research Board
Grant of 232363 awarded in 2007 to undertake PhD study