Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Kimata, H.,Shanahan, F.,Brogan, M.,Targan, S.,Saxon, A.
1987
June
Cell Immunolcell Immunol
Modulation of ongoing human immunoglobulin synthesis by natural killer cells
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Optional Fields
107
11
74
88
Freshly separated human NK cells (NKH-1+) inhibited IgE synthesis from IgE myeloma U266/AF-10 as much as 70% whereas they enhanced IgG and IgA synthesis 200 and 500% from the lymphoblastoid cell lines GM-1500 and GM-1056, respectively. The inhibition of IgE synthesis by NK cells was due to a direct cytolytic effect on AF-10. This could be reversed using K562 cells in a cold target competition assay. NK cells also inhibited spontaneous IgE as well as IgG and IgA synthesis from B cells of highly atopic donors. On the other hand the enhancement of Ig secretion by NKH-1+ cells was shown to be mediated by soluble factors released from NK cells. Furthermore when NK cells were preincubated with immune complexes (IgE-IC) constructed of human IgE and mouse IgG1 monoclonal anti-human IgE, inhibition of IgE synthesis was reversed, and in some cases actual enhancement of IgE synthesis was observed, while enhancement of IgG and IgA synthesis was not affected. In contrast to NK cells, T cells depleted of NK cells (T-NK), when activated by IgE-IC, suppressed IgE synthesis in an isotype specific fashion. Thus, NK and T-cell modulation of ongoing Ig synthesis involve distinct mechanisms.Freshly separated human NK cells (NKH-1+) inhibited IgE synthesis from IgE myeloma U266/AF-10 as much as 70% whereas they enhanced IgG and IgA synthesis 200 and 500% from the lymphoblastoid cell lines GM-1500 and GM-1056, respectively. The inhibition of IgE synthesis by NK cells was due to a direct cytolytic effect on AF-10. This could be reversed using K562 cells in a cold target competition assay. NK cells also inhibited spontaneous IgE as well as IgG and IgA synthesis from B cells of highly atopic donors. On the other hand the enhancement of Ig secretion by NKH-1+ cells was shown to be mediated by soluble factors released from NK cells. Furthermore when NK cells were preincubated with immune complexes (IgE-IC) constructed of human IgE and mouse IgG1 monoclonal anti-human IgE, inhibition of IgE synthesis was reversed, and in some cases actual enhancement of IgE synthesis was observed, while enhancement of IgG and IgA synthesis was not affected. In contrast to NK cells, T cells depleted of NK cells (T-NK), when activated by IgE-IC, suppressed IgE synthesis in an isotype specific fashion. Thus, NK and T-cell modulation of ongoing Ig synthesis involve distinct mechanisms.
0008-8749 (Print) 0008-87
Grant Details