Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Shanahan, F.,Deem, R.,Nayersina, R.,Leman, B.,Targan, S.
1988
April
Gastroenterologygastroenterology
Human mucosal T-cell cytotoxicity
Validated
()
Optional Fields
94
44
960
7
Non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxicity triggered by antibodies to the CD3 component of the human T-cell receptor complex is thought to be an indirect measure of in vivo primed cytotoxic T-cell activity. We have used this technique to examine the lytic activity of freshly isolated T cells from noninflamed human colonic mucosa. Anti-CD3-triggered T-cell (anti-CD3-T) cytotoxicity was found in all mucosal specimens studied. The mucosal anti-CD3-T effectors do not have Fc receptors for immunoglobulin G, and are therefore distinct from T gamma cells, which mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. The surface antigen phenotype of mucosal anti-CD3-Ts is CD2+, CD3+, CD8+, CD4-, CD16-, and Leu7-. In contrast, peripheral blood anti-CD3-T effectors are Leu7+. Although non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted, mucosal anti-CD3-T cytotoxicity has considerable target specificity, which differs from that of natural killer and lymphokine-activated killer cells. The profile of target cell susceptibility and the inhibitory effects of anti-CD45 antibody suggest that the CD45 molecule on the effector cell may be an important determinant of anti-CD3-T sensitivity. As anti-CD3-triggered lysis may be a marker of in vivo primed mucosal T cells of undetermined antigen specificity, this technique might have important implications in inflammatory bowel disease, where the antigen(s) inciting the mucosal immune reactivity is not certain.Non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted cytotoxicity triggered by antibodies to the CD3 component of the human T-cell receptor complex is thought to be an indirect measure of in vivo primed cytotoxic T-cell activity. We have used this technique to examine the lytic activity of freshly isolated T cells from noninflamed human colonic mucosa. Anti-CD3-triggered T-cell (anti-CD3-T) cytotoxicity was found in all mucosal specimens studied. The mucosal anti-CD3-T effectors do not have Fc receptors for immunoglobulin G, and are therefore distinct from T gamma cells, which mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. The surface antigen phenotype of mucosal anti-CD3-Ts is CD2+, CD3+, CD8+, CD4-, CD16-, and Leu7-. In contrast, peripheral blood anti-CD3-T effectors are Leu7+. Although non-major histocompatibility complex-restricted, mucosal anti-CD3-T cytotoxicity has considerable target specificity, which differs from that of natural killer and lymphokine-activated killer cells. The profile of target cell susceptibility and the inhibitory effects of anti-CD45 antibody suggest that the CD45 molecule on the effector cell may be an important determinant of anti-CD3-T sensitivity. As anti-CD3-triggered lysis may be a marker of in vivo primed mucosal T cells of undetermined antigen specificity, this technique might have important implications in inflammatory bowel disease, where the antigen(s) inciting the mucosal immune reactivity is not certain.
0016-5085 (Print) 0016-50
Grant Details