Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Zhdanov AV, Ward MW, Prehn JHM and Papkovsky db
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Dynamics of intracellular oxygen in PC12 cells upon stimulation of neurotransmission
Optional Fields
Neurotransmission, synaptic plasticity, and maintenance of membrane excitability require high mitochondrial activity in neurosecretory cells. Using a fluorescence-based intracellular O2 sensing technique, we investigated the respiration of differentiated PC12 cells upon depolarization with 100 mM K+. Single cell confocal analysis identified a significant depolarization of the plasma membrane potential and a relatively minor depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane potential following K+ exposure. We observed a two-phase respiratory response: a first intense spike lasting ∼10 min, during which average intracellular O2 was reduced from 8590% of air saturation to 5565%, followed by a second wave of smaller amplitude and longer duration. The fast rise in O2 consumption coincided with a transient increase in cellular ATP by ∼60%, which was provided largely by oxidative phosphorylation and by glycolysis. The increase of respiration was orchestrated mainly by Ca2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum, whereas the influx of extracellular Ca2+ contributed ∼20%. Depletion of Ca2+ stores by ryanodine, thapsigargin, and 4-chloro-m-cresol reduced the amplitude of respiratory spike by 45, 63, and 71%, respectively, whereas chelation of intracellular Ca2+ abolished the response. Uncoupling of the mitochondria with the protonophore carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone amplified the responses to K+; elevated respiration induced a profound deoxygenation without increasing the cellular ATP levels reduced by carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone. Cleavage of synaptobrevin 2 by tetanus toxin, known to reduce neurotransmission, did not affect the respiratory response to K+, whereas the general excitability of dPC12 cells increased.
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