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Sullivan CJ, Murphy KP, McLaughlin PD, Twomey M, O'Regan KN, Power DG, Maher MM, O'Connor OJ.
European Radiology
Radiation exposure from diagnostic imaging in young patients with testicular cancer.
WOS: 9 ()
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Abstract OBJECTIVES: Risks associated with high cumulative effective dose (CED) from radiation are greater when imaging is performed on younger patients. Testicular cancer affects young patients and has a good prognosis. Regular imaging is standard for follow-up. This study quantifies CED from diagnostic imaging in these patients. METHODS: Radiological imaging of patients aged 18-39 years, diagnosed with testicular cancer between 2001 and 2011 in two tertiary care centres was examined. Age at diagnosis, cancer type, dose-length product (DLP), imaging type, and frequency were recorded. CED was calculated from DLP using conversion factors. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS. RESULTS: In total, 120 patients with a mean age of 30.7  5.2 years at diagnosis had 1,410 radiological investigations. Median (IQR) surveillance was 4.37 years (2.0-5.5). Median (IQR) CED was 125.1 mSv (81.3-177.5). Computed tomography accounted for 65.3 % of imaging studies and 98.3 % of CED. We found that 77.5 % (93/120) of patients received high CED (>75 mSv). Surveillance time was associated with high CED (OR 2.1, CI 1.5-2.8). CONCLUSIONS: Survivors of testicular cancer frequently receive high CED from diagnostic imaging, mainly CT. Dose management software for accurate real-time monitoring of CED and low-dose CT protocols with maintained image quality should be used by specialist centres for surveillance imaging. KEY POINTS: CT accounted for 98.3 % of CED in patients with testicular cancer. Median CED in patients with testicular cancer was 125.1 mSv High CED (>75 mSv) was observed in 77.5 % (93/120) of patients. Dose tracking and development of low-dose CT protocols are recommended.
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