Resuscitation of dried cultures represents a critical control point in obtaining active and effective probiotic strains. This study examined the effects of various rehydration conditions on the viability of Bifidobacterium longum NCC3001 and Lactobacillus johnsonii La1.
Methods and Results:
Reconstitution conditions for these strains were optimized using a multivariate experimental design approach. Furthermore, using flow cytometry, the cell integrity was followed during reconstitution. By adjusting the pH, availability of a metabolizable sugar, reconstitution duration, powder matrix and ratio of powder to reconstitution solution, the recovery of Bif. longum NCC3001 and Lact. johnsonii La1 following reconstitution was increased eight- and two-fold, respectively, over standard reconstitution in maximum recovery diluent. It was shown that pH had a significant effect on the recovery of Bif. longum NCC3001 and Lact. johnsonii La1.
The recovery of dried probiotic cultures is greatly dependent on the reconstitution conditions. The maximum recovery of 11 center dot 7 10log CFU g-1Bif. longum NCC3001 was achieved at 30-min reconstitution at pH 8, in the presence of 2%l-arabinose and a ratio of 1 : 100 of powder to diluent. Lact. johnsonii La1 showed highest recovery (9 center dot 3 10log CFU g-1) after reconstitution, when mixed with maltodextrin at pH 4.
Significance and Impact of the Study:
To achieve accurate viable probiotic numbers from dried probiotic cultures, the reconstitution conditions should be optimized for the strain used.