Pseudomonas spp. that can colonise the roots of crop plants and produce antifungal metabolites represent a real alternative to the application of chemical fungicides. Presently, much research is aimed at understanding, at the molecular level, the mechanisms that enable Pseudomonas strains to act as efficient biological control agents. This approach is facilitating the development of novel strains with modified traits for enhanced biocontrol efficacy. However, without solving some inherent problems associated with the effective delivery of microbial inoculants to seeds and without knowledge on the biosafety aspects of novel biocontrol agents, the commercial potential of Pseudomonas spp. for plant disease control will not be realised.