Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Fenelon, MA;Ryan, MP;Rea, MC;Guinee, TP;Ross, RP;Hill, C;Harrington, D
1999
January
Journal of Dairy Science
Elevated temperature ripening of reduced fat Cheddar made with or without lacticin 3147-producing starter culture
Validated
WOS: 57 ()
Optional Fields
FLAVOR DEVELOPMENT ACID BACTERIA FULL-FAT CHEESE PROTEOLYSIS MILK MATURATION IDENTIFICATION LACTOBACILLI TECHNOLOGY
82
10
22
The study evaluated the effects of elevated ripening temperature (7 or 12 degrees C) and starter type on the quality of experimentally produced, reduced fat Cheddar cheeses with a moisture content in the nonfat substances of similar to 55% (wt/wt). In one treatment, the population of nonstarter lactic acid bacteria in the cheese was markedly reduced at both ripening temperatures through the use of a single-strain culture that both produced and was immune to the broad-spectrum bacteriocin lacticin 3147. Elevation of the ripening temperature resulted in significantly higher primary and secondary proteolysis and higher flavor and aroma scores at ripening times less than or equal to 150 d. The culture type affected the levels of secondary proteolysis but generally had no significant effect on flavor or texture scores. Cheeses ripened at 12 degrees C were significantly softer than those ripened at 7 degrees C from 60 d onward. Mean texture scores were not significantly influenced by ripening temperature; however, at >150 d, texture scores tended to decrease in cheeses ripened at 12 degrees C to an extent depending on the type of starter culture used. Differences in the rate of growth and the final population of nonstarter lactic acid bacteria (from 10(3) to 10(7)) in the cheeses had no significant effect on proteolysis or flavor and aroma or body and texture.
NEW YORK
0022-0302
Grant Details