Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
McCarthy, M;van Pelt, FNAM;Bane, V;O'Halloran, J;Furey, A
2014
October
Toxicon
Application of passive (SPATT) and active sampling methods in the profiling and monitoring of marine biotoxins
Validated
WOS: 25 ()
Optional Fields
TANDEM MASS-SPECTROMETRY TOXIN TRACKING SPATT OKADAIC ACID DINOPHYSIS-ACUTA LOUGH HYNE VERTICAL-DISTRIBUTION PHYTOPLANKTON BLOOMS ALGAL TOXINS NEW-ZEALAND IRELAND
89
77
86
Solid phase adsorbent and toxin tracking (SPATT) enables temporally and spatially integrated monitoring of biotoxins in aquatic environments. Monitoring using two adsorbent resins was performed over a four-month period at Lough Hyne Marine Reserve, Ireland. A range of Diarhettic Shellfish Poisoning (DSP) toxins were detected from SPATT extracts throughout the study period. The majority of biotoxins were detected in the top 20-30 m of the water column and a spike in toxin accumulation was measured during August 2010. Phytoplankton analysis confirmed the presence of toxin-producing species Dinophysis acuta and Dinophysis acuminata during the bloom. SPATT has the potential to provide useful information on phycotoxin distribution in the water column; enabling evidence-based decisions regarding appropriate depths for obtaining phytoplankton and shellfish samples in marine biotoxin monitoring programmes. Active sampling was performed continuously over 7-days and high quantities of toxins were successfully accumulated in the HP-20 resin, okadaic acid (similar to 13 mg), dinophysis toxin-2 (similar to 29 mg), pectenotoxin-2 (similar to 20 mg) and pectenotoxin-2-seco acid (similar to 6 mg) proving this an effective method for accumulating DSP toxins from the marine environment. The method has potential application as a tool for assessing toxin profiles at proposed shellfish harvesting sites. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
OXFORD
0041-0101
10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.07.005
Grant Details