Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Podder, Pranay; Constantinou, Peter; Amann, Andreas; Roy, Saibal
Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Frequency adjustable MEMS vibration energy harvester
Optional Fields
Micro-mechanical oscillators Internet-of-Things MEMS vibration energy harvesters
Ambient mechanical vibrations offer an attractive solution for powering the wireless sensor nodes of the emerging "Internet-of-Things". However, the wide-ranging variability of the ambient vibration frequencies pose a significant challenge to the efficient transduction of vibration into usable electrical energy. This work reports the development of a MEMS electromagnetic vibration energy harvester where the resonance frequency of the oscillator can be adjusted or tuned to adapt to the ambient vibrational frequency. Micro-fabricated silicon spring and double layer planar micro-coils along with sintered NdFeB micro-magnets are used to construct the electromagnetic transduction mechanism. Furthermore, another NdFeB magnet is adjustably assembled to induce variable magnetic interaction with the transducing magnet, leading to significant change in the spring stiffness and resonance frequency. Finite element analysis and numerical simulations exhibit substantial frequency tuning range (25% of natural resonance frequency) by appropriate adjustment of the repulsive magnetic interaction between the tuning and transducing magnet pair. This demonstrated method of frequency adjustment or tuning have potential applications in other MEMS vibration energy harvesters and micromechanical oscillators.
Grant Details
Science Foundation Ireland
Science Foundation Ireland (SFI Principal Investigator (PI)project on ‘Vibrational Energy Harvesting’ grant no. SFI-11/PI/1201.)