Conference Contribution Details
Mandatory Fields
Sparvoli, Carlotta
10th EACL Summer School in Chinese Linguistics
Modality in Mandarin Chinese
University of Picardy Jules Verne at Amiens, Amiens, France
Invited Lectures (Workshops)
Optional Fields
Modality (情态 qngti) is generally understood in two different ways: a) in the illocutionary sense, it corresponds with the expression of the speakers attitude towards the propositional content; b) from a logico semantic perspective, it is a linguistic category related to the notions of possibility and necessity (i.e., similarly to tense and aspect, it enables to express what is not related to the here and now). In the first interpretation, the Chinese prototypical expression of modality are the modal particles. In the second one, modality is lexicalized into an array of items (the so called modals qingtaici) including verbs, adverbs and adverbials. We will present the main taxonomies related to Chinese modality and the lexical items that are prototypical for each division. More specifically, we will concentrate on a set of 12 main modals (yīdng, yīnggāi, gāi, dāng, yo, bxū, děi, d, hu, nng, kěyǐ, kěnng) and analyze their distinctive features with respect to concepts such as scalarity, interdefinability and interaction with negation.