Conference Contribution Details
Mandatory Fields
Harding M, James P., Beecher D., Guiney H. Whelton H
Fewer teeth with dentinal caries (D3vcMFT) in 12-year-old children with community water fluoridation in the Republic of Ireland
Budapest, Hungary
Invited Lectures (Conference)
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Aim: To determine the association between dentinal caries (D3vcMFT) and water fluoridation (0.6ppm at least) in 12-year-old children in the FACCT (Fluoride And Caring for Children’s Teeth) study, in counties Cork and Kerry, Republic-of-Ireland. The Clinical Research Ethics Committee of the Cork University Teaching Hospitals gave ethics approval. Methods: A stratified cluster random sample of 12-year-old children individually categorised as having lifetime exposure to water fluoridation(‘Full-Fl’) or no exposure to water fluoridation(‘Non-Fl’) were clinically examined and D3vcMFT recorded. Parents/guardians provided demographic, socioeconomic, oral hygiene and dietary information including whether breastfed.Multivariate regression analyses (Poisson model, negative binomial model (NBRM)), and the Hurdle model (logit and zero-truncated negative binomial models) were used to analyse the relationship between D3vcMFT and water fluoridation, while controlling for age, gender, socio-economic status, behaviour variables including whether breastfed. Variables were considered significant at p≤0.05. Results: In total 47% (n=469) of the 998, 12-year-old children examined and individually categorised as ‘Full-Fl’ or ‘Non-Fl’ had a D3vcMFT>0. In the NBRM, which was a better fit for the data than the Poisson model, categorised as ‘Full-Fl’ rather than ‘Non-Fl’ decreased the expected number of D3vcMFT by 32.0%, holding all other variables constant; brushing twice/day or more at 12-years-old and having been breastfed also decreased the expected number of D3vcMFT. Being economically disadvantaged increased the expected number of D3vcMFT by 43.5%, holding all other variables constant. In the first part of the Hurdle model, being in the Full-Fl group decreased the odds of D3vcMFT>0 by 45.1%; having been breastfed decreased the odds of D3vcMFT>0 by 29.2%; being categorised as disadvantaged increased the odds of having decayed teeth by 49.2%, holding all other variables constant. Conclusion: For 12-year- olds, exposure to domestic water fluoridation at a concentration of at least 0.6 ppm is associated with a lower number of teeth with dentinal caries and lower odds of having any dentinal caries compared with no exposure to domestic water fluoridation.
Health Research Board