Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Lynch NE, Stevenson NJ, Livingstone V, Mathieson S, Murphy BP, Rennie JM, Boylan GB
Seizure The European Journal of Epilepsy
The temporal characteristics of seizures in neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy treated with hypothermia.
In Press
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Purpose The characteristics of electrographic seizures in newborns with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) are poorly described. This retrospective, observational study provides reference data on the characteristics of seizures and their evolution over time in newborns with HIE receiving whole-body TH. Method The cohort under analysis included 23 infants with HIE and seizures defined by multi-channel EEG recordings. Clinical presentation, details of TH and antiepileptic drugs used were recorded. Time from first to last-recorded electrographic seizure (seizure period) was calculated. Temporal characteristics of seizures total burden, duration, number, burden in minutes per hour, distribution of burden over time (temporal evolution), time from seizure onset to maximum seizure burden (Tmsb), T1, and time from Tmsb to seizure offset, T2 were analysed. Results The median age at electrographic seizure onset was 13.1 h (IQR: 11.4 to 22.0). Tmsb was reached at a median age of 19.4 hours (IQR: 12.2 to 29.7). Median seizure period was 16.5 h (IQR: 7.0 to 49.7), median number of seizures per hour was 1.9 (IQR: 1.0 to 3.3). The seizure burden was 4.0 min/h (IQR: 2.0 to 7.0). There was no consistent pattern in the temporal evolution of seizures in neonates treated with TH. The skewness was neither positive nor negative (p-value = 0.15), there was no difference between the duration of T1 and T2 (p-value = 0.09) and no difference in the seizure burden between T1 and T2 (p = 0.09). There was an association between Tmsb and Phenobarbital (PB) administration (r = 0.76, p-value < 0.001). Conclusion There is no consistent temporal evolution of seizure burden in neonates treated with TH. Seizures are diffuse, and their characteristics are variable
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