To validate a new index for assessing the whole concept of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of implant-prosthesis wearers.
113 patients who were not requesting dental treatment were assigned to: Group 1 (CD; n=38): complete denture users (control); Group 2 (IO; n=38): implant overdenture wearers; and Group 3 (HP; n=37): hybrid implant prosthesis users. Patients answered the newly-designed 'Quality of Life related to Function, Aesthetics, Socialization, and Thoughts about health-behavioural habits' (QoLFAST-10) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-20sp) questionnaires. Information on global oral satisfaction, socio-demographic, clinical, and prosthetic-related data were gathered. The QoLFAST-10 was investigated for reliability and validity. The Spearman's test determined the correlations between both indices' scores. Descriptive and non-parametric probes were run to assess the influence of the study variables on the OHRQoL (a=0.05).
The QoLFAST-10 confirmed its psychometric capacity. HP wearers reported significantly better global and functional satisfaction than did IO wearers. The latter revealed significantly less consciousness about the importance of health-behavioural habits than did CD and HP groups. The level of education, complaints about the mouth, and the global oral satisfaction measures significantly modulated the QoLFAST-10 scores.
Implant overdentures supplied lower functional and global satisfaction than did hybrid prostheses, and represent the least predictable option concerning the maintenance of the restoration.
The QoLFAST-10 may help in estimating the impact of implant restorations on patients' well-being. In this regard, hybrid prostheses seem to be the implant treatment of choice when compared with overdentures.