Other Publication Details
Mandatory Fields
Reviews
Tabassum, MR;Xia, A;Murphy, JD
2017
February
Potential of seaweed as a feedstock for renewable gaseous fuel production in Ireland
Validated
1
WOS: 40 ()
Optional Fields
STATE ANAEROBIC-DIGESTION BIOGAS PRODUCTION CO-DIGESTION SEASONAL-VARIATION BIOFUEL PRODUCTION ASCOPHYLLUM-NODOSUM LAMINARIA-DIGITATA WHEAT-STRAW SACCHARINA-LATISSIMA ALGAL BIOMASS
Resource depletion and mitigation of climate change are the driving forces to find alternatives to fossil fuels. Seaweeds (macroalgae) have been considered as a promising alternative source of biofuels due to higher growth rates, greater production yields and a higher rate of carbon dioxide fixation, than land crops. A comparatively easily depolymerized structure, lack of need of arable land and no fresh water requirement for cultivation, make seaweed a potential feedstock for gaseous biofuel production. Biomethane potential of seaweed is greatly dependent on its chemical composition that is highly variable due to its type, habitat, cultivation method am time of harvest. Saccharina latissima and Laminaria digitata are the highest biomethane yielding Irish brown seaweeds. Seaweed harvested in July (northern hemisphere) was estimated to give gross energy yields in the range 38-384 GJ ha(-1) yr(-1); higher values are dependent on innovative cultivation systems. An integrated mode is suggested where seaweed can be co-digested with other feedstock for the sustainable production of gaseous fuel to facilitate EU renewable energy targets in transport.
OXFORD
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
1364-0321
136
146
10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.111
Grant Details