An integrated process design, which can be applied in small-to-medium batch processing, was proposed. The process is based on the exploitation of intact (whole) cassava root, through optimisation of simultaneous release recovery cyanogenesis downstream processing for sustainable wastes minimisation and packaging material development.
An integrative seven unit process model flow was considered in the process design modelling. Using the release process models, it was possible to predict the maximum yield (45.8%) and the minimum total cyanogens (0.6 ppm) and colour difference (4.0) needed to avoid wastes and unsafe biopolymer derivatives. The process design allowed saving on the energy and water due to its ability to reuse wastewaters in the reactions and release processes. Drying rates, Scanning electron micrograph, Differential scanning calorimetry, Water vapour transmission rate and Fourier transmission infrared spectroscopy analyses have demonstrated the practical advantage of laminar flow hood air systems over oven-drying heat for integrated process design.
Thus, the integrated process design could be used as a green tool in production of cassava products with near zero environmental waste disposal. (C) 2016 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.