Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Dalmasso, M;de Haas, E;Neve, H;Strain, R;Cousin, FJ;Stockdale, SR;Ross, RP;Hill, C
2015
September
Plos One
Isolation of a Novel Phage with Activity against Streptococcus mutans Biofilms
Validated
WOS: 46 ()
Optional Fields
ORAL-CAVITY PSEUDOMONAS-AERUGINOSA BACTERIOPHAGE THERAPY GENOME SEQUENCE SALIVA GENERATION IMMUNITY MUTATION SYSTEMS CRISPR
10
Streptococcus mutans is one of the principal agents of caries formation mainly, because of its ability to form biofilms at the tooth surface. Bacteriophages (phages) are promising anti-microbial agents that could be used to prevent or treat caries formation by S. mutans. The aim of this study was to isolate new S. mutans phages and to characterize their antimicrobial properties. A new phage, phi APCM01, was isolated from a human saliva sample. Its genome was closely related to the only two other available S. mutans phage genomes, M102 and M102AD. phi APCM01 inhibited the growth of S. mutans strain DPC6143 within hours in broth and in artificial saliva at multiplicity of infections as low as 2.5x10(-5). In the presence of phage phi APCM01 the metabolic activity of a S. mutans biofilm was reduced after 24 h of contact and did not increased again after 48 h, and the live cells in the biofilm decreased by at least 5 log cfu/ml. Despite its narrow host range, this newly isolated S. mutans phage exhibits promising antimicrobial properties.
SAN FRANCISCO
1932-6203
10.1371/journal.pone.0138651
Grant Details