Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Cahill, RA;McGreal, GT;Crowe, BH;Ryan, DA;Manning, BJ;Cahill, MR;Redmond, HP
2005
April
Journal of The American College of Surgeons
Duration of increased bleeding tendency after cessation of aspirin therapy
Validated
WOS: 50 ()
Optional Fields
DOSE ACETYLSALICYLIC-ACID ENTERIC-COATED ASPIRIN PLATELET-AGGREGATION TIME RESPONSE DOUBLE-BLIND BLOOD-LOSS HEMOSTASIS SURGERY PROLONGATION PREVENTION
200
564
573
BACKGROUND: Aspirin has a significant effect on hemostasis, so it is often recommended that patients taking aspirin discontinue treatment before elective surgery. While off aspirin, these patients may be at risk of thrombosis. The optimum period of time that aspirin should be withheld is controversial. The aim of this study was to establish the duration of the antihemostatic effect of prolonged aspirin therapy. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective study, 51 healthy volunteers were randomly assigned into 3 groups, each receiving an identical tablet for 14 days. One group received a placebo tablet; individuals in the other two groups received either 75 mg or 300 mg of aspirin once a day. Template bleeding times and specific platelet function testing (using the PFA-100; Dade Behring) were carried out on subjects before therapy and again after its completion until they returned to baseline. RESULTS: Thirty-eight volunteers complied sufficiently with the protocol to provide useful results. All bleeding times normalized within 96 hours and all platelet function tests within 144 hours after stopping aspirin. There was no demonstrable hemostatic defect in any volunteer persisting by or beyond the sixth day after treatment cessation. There was no apparent difference in duration of effect between those taking either 75 mg or 300 mg of aspirin. CONCLUSIONS: This study uses sensitive measures of platelet function to demonstrate the duration of increased bleeding tendency after withdrawal of aspirin therapy. It supports discontinuation of aspirin therapy 5 days before elective surgery (with the operation being performed on the sixth day). (c) 2005 by the American College of Surgeons.
NEW YORK
1072-7515
10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2004.11.002
Grant Details