Aim: Chagas disease is a tropical disease caused by the hemoflagellate protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. There is no vaccine for Chagas disease and available drugs (e. g., benznidazole) are effective only during the acute phase, displaying a variable curative activity in the established chronic form of the disease. New leads with high efficacy and better toxicity profiles are urgently required. Materials & methods: A library of novel quinine derivatives was synthesized using Heck chemistry and evaluated against the various developmental forms of T. cruzi. Results and Conclusion: Several novel quinine analogs with trypanocidal activity have been identified with the para-nitro-substituted derivative displaying a submicromolar IC50, which is 83-times lower than quinine and three-times lower than benznidazole. Transmission electron microscopy analysis demonstrated that these compounds induced a marked vacuolization of the kinetoplast of intracellular amastigotes and cell-derived trypomastigotes.