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Hyland, NP,Rybicka, JM,Ho, W,Pittman, QJ,Macnaughton, WK,Sharkey, KA;
2010
January
Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Adaptation of intestinal secretomotor function and nutrient absorption in response to diet-induced obesity
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Optional Fields
glucose transporter-2 ion secretion jeju-num leptin sodium glucose transporter-1 submucosal plexus SECRETION NEURONS LEPTIN CELLS
22
602
BackgroundThe gut plays a significant role in the development of obesity, notably through peptide signaling to the brain. However, few studies have investigated intestinal function per se in a rodent model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). Our aim was to investigate intestinal secretomotor function and glucose transport in DIO and diet-resistant (DR) rat jejunum.MethodsMale outbred Sprague-Dawley rats were maintained on a medium high fat diet for 9-10 weeks and split into DIO and DR groups based on weight gain. Mucosal-submucosal preparations of the proximal jejunum were mounted in Ussing chambers and voltage-clamped at 0 mV. Glucose (10 mmol L-1), 2-deoxy-D-glucose (10 mmol L-1), and leptin (10 nmol L-1) were added to the luminal side of the tissue and veratridine (30 mu mol L-1), bethanechol (100 mu mol L-1), and forskolin (10 mu mol L-1) were added to the basolateral side of the tissue.Key resultsSecretomotor responses were significantly decreased in DIO jejunum compared to DR tissues. Glucose-stimulated increases in I-sc in DR animals, that were sensitive to leptin inhibition, were significantly reduced in DIO rats. Decreased sodium glucose transporter-1 mediated glucose transport was accompanied by a concomitant increase in the expression of jejunal glucose transporter-2.Conclusions & InferencesThese data suggest that submucosal nerve function is compromised in DIO rats and electrogenic glucose transport is significantly decreased. The latter may represent an adaptive response to limit nutrient absorption in the jejunum from DIO rats. However, the loss of secretomotor control may lead to an altered host defense with a resultant change in intestinal flora contributing to the maintenance of obesity.
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01504.x
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