microchip electrophoresis (MCE)
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)
In this research, a capillary electrophoretic method for the fast enantiomeric resolution of (R,S)-naproxen was investigated. Method development involved variation of applied potential, buffer concentration, buffer pH, and cyclodextrin concentration. The optimum electrophoretic separation conditions were 110 mM sodium acetate run buffer (pH 6.0), 30 mM methyl-beta-cyclodextrin, 20% (v/v) acetonitrile, 25 degrees C. The total length of capillary was 48 cm, (50 mu m I.D.) with ultra violet (UV) detection at 232 nm. Using these conditions, the number of theoretical plates was close to one million (896,000/m). The possibility of achieving a fast chiral separation of (R,S)-naproxen on a microchip of 2.5 cm in length was investigated. Complete enantiomeric resolution of naproxen was achieved in less than 1 min, on this microchip platforrn, with linear imaging UV detection. This system had the advantage of real-time separation monitoring, so that enantiomeric resolution could be visually observed, and high-speed chiral analysis was realized. The microchip electrophoresis (MCE) separation was compared with the capillary electrophoresis (CE) separation with regards to speed, efficiency, separation platforrn, and precision. This work highlights the potential of CE and NICE in future chiral separations. Chirality 21:292-298, 2009. (C) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.