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Dal Bello, F,Clarke, CI,Ryan, LAM,Ulmer, H,Schober, TJ,Strom, K,Sjogren, J,van Sinderen, D,Schnurer, J,Arendt, EK;
2007
May
Journal of Cereal Science
Improvement of the quality and shelf life of wheat bread by fermentation with the antifungal strain Lactobacillus plantarum FST 1.7
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wheat bread Lactobacillus antifungal cyclic dipeptides LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA SOUR-DOUGH SOURDOUGH FERMENTATION CYCLIC DIPEPTIDES ORGANIC-ACIDS STORAGE BROAD TIME FOOD
45
309
318
Lactobacillus plantarum FST 1.7 was screened for in vitro antimicrobial activity and was shown to be active against spoilage moulds and bacteria. Isolation of antimicrobial compounds from cell-free supernatant identified lactic acid, phenyllactic acid and the two cyclic dipeptides cyclo ((L)-Leu-(L)-Pro) and cyclo ((L)-Phe-(L)-Pro) as the major components responsible for this activity. L. plantarum FST 1.7 was tested for the ability to produce the antifungal compounds during sourdough fermentation and to produce bread of good quality and increased shelf-life. A rheofermentometer was used to examine the gaseous release and development characteristics of the dough. A range of parameters was determined including pH, TTA and specific loaf volume. The results were compared with those obtained using Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis, a chemically acidified and a non-acidified dough. The quality of sourdough and bread produced using L. plantarum FST 1.7 was comparable to that obtained using common sourdough starters, e.g. L. sanfranciscensis. Sourdoughs and breads were evaluated for the ability to retard growth of Fusarium culmorum and Fusarium graminearum two fungi found on breads. Sourdough and bread produced with strain FST 1.7 showed consistent ability to retard the growth of both Fusarium species, thus indicating that L. plantarum FST 1.7 has also the potential to improve the shelf-life of wheat bread. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.jcs.2006.09.004
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