Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Carbonell, S,Oliveira, JC,Kelly, AL;
International Journal of Food Science and Technology
Effect of pretreatments and freezing rate on the firmness of potato tissue after a freeze-thaw cycle
Optional Fields
blanching calcium chloride cryogenic freezing high pressure shift freezing microstructure storage time texture vacuum infusion TEXTURE CARROTS FROZEN MICROSTRUCTURE AMYLOPECTIN CHEMISTRY SELECTION AMYLOSE FOODS
The texture of potato tissue after a freeze-thaw process using different freezing rates and different pretreatments was analysed, in order to select the best strategy for optimum preservation of the textural characteristics of pre-frozen potato. Ten blanching conditions were tested and a two-step blanching process with calcium chloride (0.07 g mL(-1)) proved the most effective in protecting the tissue after a freeze-thaw process (maximum load force around 10-55% of the raw tissue, depending on potato batch, for air-blast freezing and 20-60% for immersion freezing). Vacuum impregnation at 100 and 400 mbar, even when followed by different pre-drying treatments to remove excess water, was very detrimental to resistance to a freeze-thaw process (maximum load force below 10% of the raw tissue for air-blast freezing and below 20% for immersion freezing). Microstructure analysis confirmed better tissue integrity retention with ethyleneglycol immersion freezing instead of air-freezing. Differences were found between batches with a 6-month difference in storage time, indicating that the fresher batch was more suitable for freezing.
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2005.01054
Grant Details