Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Baranov, PV,Henderson, CM,Anderson, CB,Gesteland, RF,Atkins, JF,Howard, MT;
2005
February
Virology
Programmed ribosomal frameshifting in decoding the SARS-CoV genome
Validated
()
Optional Fields
pseudoknot receding translation alternative decoding SARS tandem slippage mass spectrometry frameshift coronavirus MAMMARY-TUMOR VIRUS RNA PSEUDOKNOT MUTATIONAL ANALYSIS GENE-EXPRESSION MESSENGER-RNA RETROVIRAL RNA SEQUENCE CORONAVIRUS SIGNAL IDENTIFICATION
332
498
510
Programmed ribosomal frameshifting is an essential mechanism used for the expression of orf1b in coronaviruses. Comparative analysis of the frameshift region reveals a universal shift site U_UUA_AAC, followed by a predicted downstream RNA structure in the form of either a pseudoknot or kissing stem loops. Frameshifting in SARS-CoV has been characterized in cultured mammalian cells using a dual luciferase reporter system and mass spectrometry. Mutagenic analysis of the SARS-CoV shift site and mass spectrometry of an affinity tagged frameshift product confirmed tandem tRNA slippage on the sequence U_UUA_AAC. Analysis of the downstream pseudoknot stimulator of frameshifting in SARS-CoV shows that a proposed RNA secondary structure in loop II and two impaired nucleotides at the stem I-stem II junction in SARS-CoV are important for frameshift stimulation. These results demonstrate key sequences required for efficient frameshifting, and the utility of mass spectrometry to study ribosomal frameshifting. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI 10.1016/j.virol.2004.11.038
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