Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Pawitan, Y,Huang, J;
Rna-A Publication of The Rna Society
Constrained clustering of irregularly sampled spatial data
Optional Fields
climatology Delaunay triangulation Durichlet tesselation permutation test seeded region growing segmentation DATA SET SEGMENTATION ALGORITHM NUMBER
Many spatial data such as those in climatology or environmental monitoring are collected over irregular geographical locations. Furthermore, it is common to have multivariate observations at each location. We propose a method of segmentation of a region of interest based on such data that can be carried out in two steps: (1) clustering or classification of irregularly sample points and (2) segmentation of the region based on the classified points.We develop a spatially-constrained clustering algorithm for segmentation of the sample points by incorporating a geographical-constraint into the standard clustering methods. Both hierarchical and nonhierarchical methods are considered. The latter is a modification of the seeded region growing method known in image analysis. Both algorithms work on a suitable neighbourhood structure, which can for example be defined by the Delaunay triangulation of the sample points. The number of clusters is estimated by testing the significance of successive change in the within-cluster sum-of-squares relative to a null permutation distribution. The methodology is validated on simulated data and used in construction of a climatology map of Ireland based on meteorological data of daily rainfall records from 1294 stations over the period of 37 years.
DOI 10.1080/009495031000099131
Grant Details