We have recently identified Rab11-FIP4 as the sixth member of the Rab11-FIP family of Rab11 interacting proteins. Here, we demonstrate that Rab11-FIP4 interacts with Rab11 in a GTP-dependent manner and that its C-terminal region allows the protein to self-interact and interact with pp75/Rip11, Rab11-FIP2, and Rab11-FIP3. However, Rab11-FIP4 does not appear to interact directly with Rab coupling protein (RCP). We investigated the subcellular localisation of Rab11-FIP4 in HeLa cells and show that it colocalises extensively with transferrin and with Rab11. Furthermore, when overexpressed, it causes a condensation of the RabiI compartment in the perinuclear region. We demonstrate that the carboxy-terminal region of Rab11-FIP4 (Rab11-FIP4(C-ter)) is necessary and sufficient for its endosomal membrane association. Expression of Rab11-FIP4(C-ter) causes a dispersal of the Rab11 compartment towards the cell periphery and does not inhibit transferrin recycling in HeLa cells. It is likely that Rab11-FIP4 serves as a Rab11 effector in a Rab11 mediated function other than transferrin recycling. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.