Because biological systems do not work in isolation, behavioral, biochemical, and physiological tests can give an overview of an individual's vital processes and reaction to stress. Two stress gradients were applied in this study, a short acute desiccation stress and a long-term density stress. These stress gradients were used to assess the usefulness of various techniques for quality assessment; namely, a standard salinity stress test, condition index, recessing speed of the scallop, adenylic energetic charge (AEC), and percentage carbohydrate content of the striated muscle. The results showed that AEC could be used effectively to measure the effect of a short-term stress. In the striated muscle, AEC levels were useful in discriminating between good and poor quality scallops. The total carbohydrate content in the striated adductor muscle and condition index were useful in assessing the effect of long-term stress on scallop quality. The most promising results arose from the recessing trials, because this nondestructive test successfully discriminated the different qualities of scallops arising from both long- and short-term stress.