Peer-Reviewed Journal Details
Mandatory Fields
Fernandes, RS,McGowan, AJ,Cotter, TG;
1996
May
Cancer
Mutant H-ras overexpression inhibits drug and UV induced apoptosis
Validated
()
Optional Fields
ras apoptosis peroxides catalase PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH C-MYC DNA FRAGMENTATION ACTIVATION ONCOGENE ENDONUCLEASE EXPRESSION INDUCTION
16
1691
1705
Various studies have shown that oncogene and oncosuppressor gene activity can enhance or suppress programmed cell death (apoptosis) in various cell systems. Recent data indicates that overexpression of activated H-ras could influence that onset of apoptosis. We investigated the role of activated H-ras in the apoptotic cell death of rat fibroblast lines. We found that forced overexpression of H-ras induced resistance to U.V. and drug induced apoptosis. We examined possible mechanisms for the action of H-ras in resistance to apoptosis. It was found that both ras transfected and ras untransfected lines displayed similar endonuclease activities. In addition, it was found that the irradiated ras transfected line showed inhibited production of peroxides compared to the irradiated ras untransfected line. Drug induced apoptosis did not appear to involve peroxide production. In addition the anti-oxidant compound PDTC, was found to inhibit U.V. induced apoptosis but not drug induced apoptosis. In addition, we found the ras transfected line to possess elevated levels of catalase compared to the parent untransfected line. Thus we suggest that an anti-oxidant mechanism, possibly mediated by forced overexpression of activated H-ras could protect cells from apoptosis.
Grant Details