We report the complete nucleotide sequence of the single-stranded RNA phage PP7 from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. There are three open reading frames which code for apparent protein homologues of the single-stranded RNA coliphages, i.e., maturation protein, coat protein, and replicase. A fourth overlapping reading frame exists that probably encodes a lysis protein, similar to what has been found in the group A coliphages such as MS2. The genetic map of PP7 is colinear with group A coliphages and we accordingly classify the phage as a levivirus. There is, generally speaking, no significant nucleotide sequence identity between PP7 and the coliphages except for a few regions where homologous parts of proteins are encoded, most notable in the replicase gene. In these regions the nucleotide sequence similarity between PP7 and MS2 is no greater than between PP7 and the group a coliphages such as Q(beta). Surprisingly, Q(beta) and MS2 are no closer to each other than they are to PP7. Several regulatory RNA secondary structure features that are present in the coliphages were identified also in PP7 RNA although the sequences involved cannot be aligned. Among these are the coat protein binding helix at the start of the replicase gene, structures at the 5' and 3' terminus of the RNA, a replicase binding site, and the structure of the coat protein cistron start. Some of these features resemble MS2 type coliphages but others the Q(beta) type. These findings suggest that PP7 is related to the coliphages but branched off before the coliphages diverged into separate groups. (C) 1995 Academic Press, Inc.