An iron-regulated gene, pbsC, required for siderophore production in fluorescent Pseudomonas sp. strain M114 has been identified. A kanamycin-resistance cassette was inserted at specific restriction sites within a 7 kb genomic fragment of M114 DNA and by marker exchange two siderophore-negative mutants, designated M1 and M2, were isolated. The nucleotide sequence of approximately 4 kb of the region flanking the insertion sites was determined and a large open reading frame (ORF) extending for 2409 bp was identified. This gene was designated pbsC (pseudobactin synthesis C) and its putative protein product termed PbsC. PbsC was found to be homologous to a family of enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, including EntF of Escherichia coli. These enzymes are believed to act via ATP-dependent binding of AMP to their substrate. Several areas of high sequence homology between these proteins and PbsC were observed, including a conserved AMP-binding domain. The expression of pbsC is iron-regulated as revealed when a DNA fragment containing the upstream region was cloned in a promoter probe vector and conjugated into the wild-type strain, M114. The nucleotide sequence upstream of the putative translational start site contains a region homologous to previously defined -16 to -25 sequences of iron-regulated genes but did not contain an iron-box consensus sequence. It was noted that inactivation of the pbsC gene also affected other iron-regulated phenotypes of Pseudomonas M114.